Scientology and the Substantive Definition of Religion

Scientology and the Comparative Definition of Religion

Scientology and the Functional Definition of Religion

Scientology and the Analytical Definition of Religion

Sharing a Body of Doctrine

Participation in Rituals and Acts of Devotion

Direct Experience of Ultimate Reality

Religious Knowledge

Consequences in Quotidian Life

Scientology and the Emic Definitions of Religions


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  • possess systemized rituals in a body of comprehensive laws the knowledge of which requires special training (Weber 1964:154);

  • affirm that salvation can be reached through a religious endeavor directed at self-perfection (Weber 1964: 156);

  • have developed a procedure intended to reach the religious consecration of the personality (Weber 1964: 156) and

  • assert that the consecration of the personality implies the acquisition of superhuman powers and the possibility of accomplishing superhuman actions. (Weber 1964:157)

    The correspondence between Scientology and this type of salvation religion specified in accordance with the categories of Weber is clearly expressed in the following paragraph of What Is Scientology?:

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